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Eye movement disorder; causes and treatment

To get your eyes to concentrate on an item, you’re engaging a variety of muscles. The eyes don’t operate correctly if you have an issue with your muscles. There are several types of eye movement abnormalities. Strabismus and Nystagmus are two prevalent ones.

Strabismus is a condition in which one or both eyes do not align in the same direction. When this happens, you have “crossed eyes” or “walleye.” Nystagmus is a condition in which the eyes move rapidly and uncontrollably, and is frequently referred to as “dancing eyes.”

At birth, some people have eye movement problems. In other cases, they appear gradually over time and are linked to other issues, such as accidents. Options for treatment range from glasses and patch wearers to eye muscle exercises and even surgery for more severe cases. Some eye movement abnormalities, such as most types of nystagmus, are untreatable.

What are the Causes of eye movement disorder?

  • Hereditary
  • Other problems with the eyes, such as cataracts
  • Strokes, multiple sclerosis, and Meniere’s disease are just a few of the illnesses that might affect you.
  • Head injuries
  • Albinism
  • Inner-ear issues
  • Certain medicines, such as lithium or anti-seizure treatments, might have negative effects.
  • Alcohol and drug abuse

What are the treatments for eye movement disorder?

Eye Patches

Children with strabismus who wear eye patches are less likely to develop amblyopia (lazy eye) or lose their sight. The use of eye patches to treat double vision may also be beneficial. By obstructing the pictures generated by one eye, the purpose of this procedure is to eradicate the presence of secondary vision.

Corrective Lenses

Contact lenses and spectacles that reduce the amount of effort required to concentrate on near objects may occasionally help to straighten the eyes.


Patients with an eye movement disorder may benefit from lenses that modify the light entering the eye, reducing or eliminating their double vision.

Optometric Eye Exercises or Vision Therapy

In certain cases, computer and optical technologies are employed to address particular eye movement abnormalities via visual-motor-skill and endurance workouts.

Eye Muscle Operations

Some people may benefit from surgery to realign their eyes so that the brain can make better use of both of them. Surgery may either decrease or strengthen one or more of the six muscles that connect to the exterior of the eyeball, depending on the circumstances. In certain cases, surgery to correct the eyes may need more than one operation.

Eye Movement Analysis or Orthoptic Measures

Patients’ eye alignment and coordination are evaluated by their doctor and/or a movement expert (referred to as an orthoptist).

Genetic  Testing

Genetic testing may be indicated if inherited eye movement abnormalities are suspected.

Tests of the Brain

Patients with eye misalignment may be subjected to brain scans or other tests, as well as possible blood and urine tests, to determine the cause of the problem.

Book a section with us at Vinreyecare hospital if you suspect any symptoms of eye movement disorder or for your regular eye examinations.

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